Mast rigging diagram

The most common type of small-to-midsize sailboat is the sloop. The rig is one mast and two sails. The mainsail is a tall, triangular sail mounted to the mast at its leading edge, with the foot of the sail along the boom, which extends aft from the mast.

The sail in front called the jib or sometimes the headsail, mounts on the forestay between the bow and the masthead, with its trailing corner controlled by the jib sheet. These tall triangular sails are called the Bermuda rig, or sometimes the Marconi rig, named for their development more than two centuries ago in Bermudan boats. Because of the physics of how force is generated by wind blowing past a sail, tall thin sails generally have more power when the boat is sailing into the wind.

Here is another example of a sloop with a Bermuda rig. The sails are much bigger than found on most cruising sailboats, but the general rig is the same. In both of the sloops shown so far, the jib reaches to the top of the masthead. These are sometimes called masthead sloops.

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Here, notice a small racing dinghy with a sloop rig. This is still a Bermuda rig, but the mainsail is proportionally larger and the jib smaller, for ease of handling and maximum power. Note that the top of the jib rises only a fraction of the distance to the masthead. Such a rig is called a fractional sloop. While a sloop always has two sails, a cat-rigged boat generally has only one.

The mast is positioned very far forward, almost at the bow, making room for a very long-footed mainsail. The mainsail of a cat rig may have a traditional boom or, as in this boat, a loose-footed mainsail attached at the aft corner to what is called a wishbone boom.

A primary advantage of a cat rig is the ease of sail handling, such as not having to deal with jib sheets when tacking. Generally, a cat rig is not considered as powerful as a Bermuda rig, however, and is more rarely used in modern boats. In this photo, there is another cat rig, which works well on small racing dinghies like this Laser. With a small boat and one sailor, a cat rig has the advantages of being simple to trim and very maneuverable when racing.

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A popular rig for midsize cruising boats is the ketch, which is like a sloop with a second, smaller mast set aft called the mizzenmast. The mizzen sail functions much like a second mainsail. A ketch carries about the same total square footage of sail area as a sloop of the equivalent size. The primary advantages of a ketch are that each of the sails is usually somewhat smaller than on a sloop of equivalent size, making sail handling easier.The Rigging of a Sailing Ship The sail plans of sailing vessels were many and varied.

Beside differences in original design, a ship might undergo a number of changes, depending upon the whims of her owner, captain, or builder, the trade she was used in, or local traditions. These changes were introduced to improve sailing qualities and to provide a rig that could be handled by a smaller crew, thus paying higher returns to shareholders.

The silhouettes of vessels overleaf represent different rigs of ships on the east coast of North America during the mid s to the early s, a period in marine history often referred to as the "golden age of sail".

Rigging Tips for Building a Model Ship

Sailing ship rigs can be divided into two broad categories: the "fore and aft rig" left imagein which the sails lie along the same plane as the ship's fore and aft line; and the "square rig" right imagein which the sails are rigged athwart across the ship.

Sloop A fore and aft rigged vessel with one mast is a sloop. In the early s some large sloops traded with the West Indies, but most sloops in the 19th century were small inshore fishing vessels.

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In the 20th century, sloops became the most popular rig for yachts. Two Masted Fishing Schooner Shown here in winter rig. Her topmast and all light upper canvas have been struck, and sent ashore. Square Topsail Schooner A combination of fore and aft sails and small square sails. They were popular for coastal trading in the early s.

mast rigging diagram

Prince Edward Island built a number of topsail schooners and many were sold in Great Britain. A version with raked masts, called the Baltimore Clipper, was much favored by privateers in the War of Coastal Schooner The work horse of our coastal trade. She was probably not much more than a hundred tons, and carried everything from timber and coal to bricks, general cargo, and a load of hay to offshore island communities.

Our schooner is shown with only a main topmast, but many also carried a fore topmast. Note the yawl boat towing astern.

mast rigging diagram

Ketch A two masted sailing vessel where the mizzen mast is ahead of the rudder. The rig is similar to a schooner but the main mast the tallest mast is the first mast, not the second mast. Ketches were common in 19th century Europe but rare in Nova Scotia until they became very popular for yachts in the 20th century.

Four Masted Schooner Shown here at anchor. This design attempted to reduce individual sail area, raise tonnage, and still manage with a small crew. In the early days sails were hoisted by hand, but gradually the gasoline hoisting engine was introduced, saving work, wages, and food.

She could operate with eight hands, and reached to tons.Dinghy rigging stepping a mast and keel stepped mast dinghy rigging guide stepping the mast on a sailboat. Before knowing how to rig a sailboat or dinghy, and understanding of the various sailboat rigging types is required:. The mast foot can be either housed on the deck [ deck-stepped ] or inside the boat [ keel-stepped ]. A fixed mast foot has a tenon which fits tightly into a mortice whereas an adjustable mast foot fits into a [ track ] with adjustable pins.

A U-shaped adjustable track has holes at regular intervals that accept the two pins that are put in at a chosen position and fix the mast foot to prevent the foot slipping forward or backwards. The [ inverted T-bar ] is another type which accepts a grooved mast foot using a single pin to locate the positioned mast.

Boats that have unstayed masts are stored without their mast. This type of sailing dinghy rigging has the [ mainsail ] attached to the mast via a sleeve which slides down the mast with the sail being removed or attached only when the mast is unstepped.

The sail is then fitted to the mast and lifted vertically and lowered into the mast step. A locking arrangement is fitted in the step, which secures the mast in place or alternatively a rope downhaul or cunningham line secures the sail and mast to the boat. Stayed masts are either stepped on deck or on the keel where a mast step is attached to the boat to accept the mast's heel fitting.

Keel-stepped masts sometimes have an adjustable fore-and-aft position of the step with adjustments to allow alterations to the mast position and mast rake. With both sailboat rigging systems, the mast is braced by wires called [standing rigging ]being attached to the mast by strip shackles or clevis pins at a fitting called the hounds, being three quarters up the mast. Some wires may be swaged onto T-bar fittings that slot into openings in the mast.

With mast rigging on catamarans the supporting wires are taken to a single large shackle attached to the front edge of the sailboat mast. This allows [ the mast ] to rotate so the aerofoil mast is able to align with the wind. The wires bracing the mast to port and starboard are called shrouds and run through the ends of the spreaders, which are located midway on the mast.

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Adjusting shroud tension is done with a lanyard, rigging link or bottlescrew which fit between the chainplate and shroud. The wire running from from the hounds to the bow-fitting is called the forestay and prevents the mast falling backwards and is adjusted with a rigging link. The forestay, keeps the mast in position when the jib is not rigged. For the ease of rigging and identification prior to stepping a mast, always lash the halyards to the mast before unstepping, ensuring they do not foul the operation of unstepping and stepping.

Check that the sailing dinghy is stable when rigging a deck-stepped mast, preferably cradled in its trolley, trailer or stand. The front of the boat should always be pointed into the wind when rigging, as the sail when hoisted, catches the wind and causes the whole structure to fall on its side.Rigging is a significant part of the process of building a model ship.

It can be tedious and time-consuming however putting the effort in adds to the beauty of your finished model. In general, the instructions on rigging provided by the manufacturers of model ship kits are fairly sparse. Whilst there are several specialised and very detailed books on masting and rigging, they are more concerned with matters of historical and technical accuracy than with the sort of advice that might help the beginner to understand the best way of going about what might appear to be quite a daunting task.

This is a comprehensive set which shows all aspects of preparing the masts, spars and yards and the rigging for a period model. For further information call our office or visit our website. The following points should be noted:. Building a model ship is as much an exercise in using the mind as it is in using your fingers and hands.

It is necessary to spend as much time thinking about the task at hand as actually doing it. If having thought about it, you still have a problem then contact us. For this reason, standing rigging is often, although not always, black on ship models. If you do want your standing rigging black, and black cord is not supplied in the kit then you can consider these options:. When any liquid dye has been used it will be necessary to stretch the cord by hanging it on a clothesline, with weights, to prevent it going slack after installation on the model.

It will also probably be necessary to use clear wax to eliminate any furry look in the cord. This includes the rigging of the Stays, Backstay, Bowsprit and Gammoning. This is fairly straightforward and should present few difficulties. Work from the centre of the ship out and try to avoid difficult and confined spaces. A Rigging Tool presented in the Tools section of our Catalogue will be helpful when rigging.

The various names for the standing rigging are presented below. Before proceeding further fit all the eye pins and rigging blocks to the bowsprit, masts, yards, and deck - also to the insides of the bulwarks if required.

Cleats may be required on the lower masts, deck or bulwarks. Pay particular attention to any area which will be relatively inaccessible once the shrouds and other standing rigging ropes are in place.Assembling the rigging of our boats has been made as basic and efficient as possible. Below you can find a video tutorial of how to rig our sloop-style boats.

These instructions pertain to all of our sailing models except for the Melonseed, which has a balanced lug rig.

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Written instructions are below. Attach lines and the wind vane to mast. The shrouds hook in one on each side, the jib halyard if applicable in the front. Attach the clip to the bow eyestrap, and run the other end through the block at the bottom of the mast and to the silver cleat on the daggerboard trunk. For the Jersey Skiff and Lobsterboat, instead run the other end to the black cleat on the left side of the mast and tie it off there.

Clip the snap hook onto the traveller in back of the boat. On older models, you may have to tie the main sheet to the steel ring threaded onto the traveller. Attach the tack front of the sail to the gooseneck.

Open each sail ring, wrap it around the mast, and reattach it to the sail. Place the slider at the back of the sail onto the sail track, and run the outhaul line from the back of the sail, through the fairlead at the back of the boom, forward to the cleat on the side of the boom. Clip one end of the main halyard to the top of the sail, and run the other through the fairlead of the cleat on the right side of the mast.

Run the jib sheets, one on each side, to the blocks on the gunwale. Stay outside the shrouds if necessary.

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Tie the ends of the main sheets together. Clip the jib halyard to the top of the jib, and run the other end through the turning block at the base of the mast, and to the silver cleat on the centerboard trunk. Note : For the Jersey Skiff and Lobsterboat equipped with roller furling, the jib halyard is routed differently:.

Cleat off the halyard and furl the jib. Run the furling line from the drum at the front of the jib, through the fairleads on the left side of the boat, to the black cleat in the cockpit. On smaller boats the furler cleat is on the seat near the mast.

On the Jersey Skiff and Lobsterboat, the furling line is routed under the deck right behind the furler, through fairleads behind the deck coaming, to the furler cleat on the inside deck coaming in the cockpit. Make sure the tiller is underneath the traveller! Be sure to slide the tiller under the mainsheet traveler line before placing the rudder pins.

Update 9 - Preparing the Mast for the Rigging

Sailboat Rigging Assembling the rigging of our boats has been made as basic and efficient as possible. Here is a diagram of the rigging. Click the image for a larger view. Make sure the joint is clean! Customer Question: Which boat is most stable?


Site Search Search for:.Rigging is a pretty specific skill, unique to model ship building, and this is only my second build. On my Phantom buildI kinda rushed through rigging and just tied a bunch of knots.

In looking at other build logs, it seems that many modelers prefer to prepare as much rigging as possible before the masts are mounted on the ship. This has some pros and cons…. On my Phantom build, I did all the rigging in place, after the masts were installed. They can be adjusted through lanyards and such, but they typically do not involve blocks or pulleys.

Running rigging includes all the lines that hold up the sails and adjust how the sails are angled against the wind. There are normally several shrouds for each mast.

mast rigging diagram

The Bluenose has 4 shrouds for the each lower maston each side, for a total of It also has a shroud running down from the top mastadding another 4. These 20 shrouds are run down to the main rail, where they are secured to the deadeyes on the chain plates. Finally, there are two top mast shrouds on the main mast, that run from the top of top mast to the trestle tree.

There are a number of different stays on the Bluenose. A few run between the main and fore masts, while several others run down to the deck or bowsprit. The halliards tend to be some of the more complex rigging lines.

They typically have a number of blocks, and often weave back and forth. The Bluenose has lifts for the main boom, the fore boom, and the jumbo jib boom. The Bluenose has a tackle on the bottom of the main boom and fore boom.

It also has tackles for lifting the dories on both the port and starboard sides. They can keep tension, as well as control the movement of the sail. Many of these seem to be capable of running on either the port or starboard side.There are a lot of different sail rig types and it can be difficult to remember what's what.

So I've come up with a system. Let me explain it in this article. What are the different types of sail rig? The sail rig is determined by the number of masts and the layout and shape of sails. Most modern ships are fore-and-aft rigged, while old ships are square-rigged.

Rigs with one mast are sloops and cutters. Ketches, yawls, brigs, and schooners have two masts. Barques have three masts. Rigs can contain up to seven masts. This article is part 2 of my series on sails and rig types. Part 1 is all about the different types of sails. If you want to know everything there is to know about sails once and for all, I really recommend you read it.

mast rigging diagram

It gives a good overview of sail types and is easy to understand. This is part 2 of a series on sails and rig types.

Read part 1 on sail types here. First of all, what is a sail rig? A sail rig is the way in which the sails are attached to the mast s.

Guide and Instructions for Rigging a Sailboat

In other words, it's the setup or configuration of the sailboat. The rig consists of the sail and mast hardware. The sail rig and sail type are both part of the sail plan. We usually use the sail rig type to refer to the type of boat.